Al Sharpton speaks out on race, rights and what bothers him about his critics

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Al Sharpton speaks out on race, rights and what bothers him about his critics

Posted by EhmE36 on May 25, 2017

Monday, December 3, 2007

At Thanksgiving dinner David Shankbone told his white middle class family that he was to interview Reverend Al Sharpton that Saturday. The announcement caused an impassioned discussion about the civil rights leader’s work, the problems facing the black community and whether Sharpton helps or hurts his cause. Opinion was divided. “He’s an opportunist.” “He only stirs things up.” “Why do I always see his face when there’s a problem?”

Shankbone went to the National Action Network’s headquarters in Harlem with this Thanksgiving discussion to inform the conversation. Below is his interview with Al Sharpton on everything from Tawana Brawley, his purported feud with Barack Obama, criticism by influential African Americans such as Clarence Page, his experience running for President, to how he never expected he would see fifty (he is now 53). “People would say to me, ‘Now that I hear you, even if I disagree with you I don’t think you’re as bad as I thought,'” said Sharpton. “I would say, ‘Let me ask you a question: what was “bad as you thought”?’ And they couldn’t say. They don’t know why they think you’re bad, they just know you’re supposed to be bad because the right wing tells them you’re bad.”

Contents

  • 1 Sharpton’s beginnings in the movement
  • 2 James Brown: a father to Sharpton
  • 3 Criticism: Sharpton is always there
  • 4 Tawana Brawley to Megan Williams
  • 5 Sharpton and the African-American media
  • 6 Why the need for an Al Sharpton?
  • 7 Al Sharpton and Presidential Politics
  • 8 On Barack Obama
  • 9 The Iraq War
  • 10 Sharpton as a symbol
  • 11 Blacks and whites and talking about race
  • 12 Don Imus, Michael Richards and Dog The Bounty Hunter
  • 13 Sources

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Usual Therapeutic Diets In The Hospital}

Posted by EhmE36 on April 30, 2017

usual THERAPEUTIC DIETS in the hospital

by

ARISTOTLE MANGULABNAN

1. Clear Liquid Diet

Purpose:

relieve thirst and help maintain fluid balance

Use:

post-surgically and following acute vomiting or diarrhea

Foods allowed:

carbonated beverages; coffee (caffeinated and decaff); tea; flavored drinks, strained fruit sugar; popsicles; commercially prepared clear liquids; and hard candy

Foods Avoided:

milk and milk products, fruit juices with pulp

2. Full-Liquid Diet

Purpose:

provide an adequately nutritious diet for patients who cannot chew or who are too ill to do so

Use:

acute infection with fever, GI upsets, after surgery as a progression from clear liquids

Foods allowed:

clear liquids, milk drinks, cook cereals, custards, ice cream, sherbets, eggnog, all strained fruit juices, creamed vegetable soups, puddings, mashed potatoes, instant breakfast drinks, yogurt, mild cheese sauce or pureed meat, and seasoning

Foods avoided:

nuts, seeds, coconut, fruit, jam, and marmalade

3. Soft diet

Purpose:

provide adequate nutrition for those who have troubled chewing

Use:

patient with no teeth or ill-fitting dentures; transition from full-liquid to general diet; and for those who cannot tolerate highly seasoned, fried or raw foods following acute infections or gastrointestinal disturbances such as gastric ulcer or cholelithiasis

Foods allowed:

very tender minced, ground, baked broiled, roasted, stewed, or creamed beef, lamb, veal, liver, poultry, or fish; crisp bacon or sweet bread; cooked vegetables; pasta; all fruit juices; soft raw fruits; soft bread and cereals; all desserts that are soft and cheeses

Foods avoided:

coarse-whole grain cereals and bread; nuts; raisins; coconut; fruits with small seeds; fried foods; high fat gravies or sauces; spicy salad dressings; pickled meat; fish, or poultry; strong cheeses; brown or wild rice; raw vegetables; as well as lima beans and corn; spices such as horseradish, mustard, and catsup; and popcorn

4. Soft-Restricted diet

Purpose:

reduce sodium content in the tissue and promote excretion of water

Use:

heart failure, hypertension, renal disease, cirrhosis, toxemia of pregnancy, and cortisone therapy

Modifications:

mildly restrictive 2g sodium diet to extremely restricted 200mg sodium diet

Foods avoided:

table salt; all commercial soups, including bouillons; gravy, catsup, mustard, meat sauce and soy sauce; buttermilk, ice cream, and sherbet; sodas; beet greens, carrots, celery, chard, sauerkraut and spinach; all canned vegetables; frozen peas.

all baked products containing salt, baking powder, or canned shellfish; all cheeses; smoked or commercially prepared meats; salted butter or margarine; bacon, olives; and commercially prepared salad dressings

5. Renal diet

Purpose:

control protein, potassium, sodium and fluid levels in the body

Use:

acute and chronic renal failure, hemodialysis

Foods allowed:

– high-biological proteins such as meat, fowl, fish, cheese, and dairy products – range between 20 and 60 mg/day

– vegetable such as cabbage, cucumber, and peas are lowest in potassium

– potassium is usually limited to 500 mg/day

– fluid intake is restricted to the daily volume plus 500 ml, which represents insensible water loss

– fluid intake measures water in fruit, vegetables, milk and meat

Foods avoided:

cereals, bread, macaroni, noodles, spaghetti, avocados, kidney beans, potato chips, raw fruit, yams, soybeans, nuts, gingerbread, apricots, bananas, figs, grapefruit, oranges, percolated coffee,, coca-cola, orange crush, sport drinks, and breakfast drinks such as Tang or Awake

6. High-Protein, High Carbohydrate diet

Purpose:

to correct large protein losses and raises the level of blood albumin. May be modified to include low-fat, low sodium, and low cholesterol diets

Use:

burns, hepatitis, cirrhosis, pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, mononucleosis, protein deficiency due to poor eating habits, geriatric patient with poor intake; nephritis, liver and gallbladder disorder

Foods allowed:

general diet with added protein

Foods avoided:

restrictions depend on modifications added to the diet. The modifications are determined by the patients condition

7. Purine-Restricted diet

Purpose:

designed to reduce intake of uric-acid producing foods

Use:

high uric acid retention, uric acid renal stones and gout

Foods allowed:

general diet plus 2-3 quarts of liquid daily

Foods avoided:

cheese containing spices of nuts, fried eggs, meat, liver, seafood, lentils, dried peas and beans, broth, boullion, gravies, oatmeal and whole wheat, pasta, noodles, and alcoholic beverages. Limited quantities of meat, fish and seafood allowed

8. Bland diet

Purpose:

Provision of diet low in fiber, roughage, mechanical irritants, and chemical stimulants

Use:

gastritis, hyperchlorhydria (excess hydrochloric acid), functional G.I. disorders, gastric atony, diarrhea, spastic constipation, biliary indigestion, and hiatus hernia

Foods avoided:

– fried foods, including eggs, meat, fish, and seafood; cheese with added nuts or spices; commercially prepared luncheon meats; cured meats such as ham; gravies and sauces; raw vegetables

– potato skins; fruit juices with pulp; figs; raisins; fresh fruits; whole wheat; rye bread; bran cereals; rich pastries; pies; chocolate; jams with seeds; nuts; seasoned dressings; caffeinated coffee; strong tea; cocoa; alcoholic and carbonated beverages and pepper

9. Low fat, Cholesterol-Restricted diet

Purpose:

reduce hyperlipedimia, provide dietary treatment for malabsorption syndromes and patient having acute intolerance for fats

Use:

hyperlipedimia, atherosclerosis, pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, sprue, gastrectomy, massive resection of small intestine, and cholecystitis

Foods allowed:

nonfat milk; low-carbohydrate, low-fat vegetables; most fruits; breads; pastas; cornmeal; lean meats

Foods avoided:

– remember to avoid the five C’s of cholesterol-cookies, cream, cake, coconut, chocolate; whole milk or cream products, avocados, olives, commercially prepared baked goods such as donuts and muffins, poultry skin, highly marbled meats

– butter, ordinary margarines, olive olive, lard, pudding made with whole milk, ice cream, candies with chocolate, cream, sauces, gravies and commercially fried foods

10. Diabetic diet

Purpose:

maintain blood glucose as near as normal as possible; prevent or delay onset of diabetic complications

Use:

diabetic Mellitus

Foods allowed:

choose foods with low glycemic index compose of:

a. 45-55 fats

c. 10-25% CHON

– coffee, tea, broth, spices and flavoring can be used as desired

– exchange group include: milk, vegetable, fruits, starch/bread, meat (divided in lean, medium fat, and high fat), and fat exchanges

_ the number of exchanges allowed from each group is dependent on the total number of calories allowed

_ non-nutritive sweeteners (sorbitol) in moderation with controlled, normal weight diabetics

Food avoided:

concentrated sweets or regular soft drinks

11. Acid and Alkaline diet

Purpose:

furnish as well balance diet in which the total acid ash is greater than the total alkaline ash each day

Use:

retard the formation of renal calculi. The type of diet chosen depends on the laboratory analysis of the stone

Acid and Alkaline ash food groups:

a. Acid ash: meat, whole grains, eggs, cheese, cranberries, prunes, plums

b. Alkaline ash: milk, vegetables, fruits (except cranberries, prunes and plums)

c. Neutral: sugar, fats, beverages(coffee, tea)

Foods allowed:

– Breads: any, preferably whole grain; crackers; roll

– Cereals: any, preferable whole grains

desserts: angel food or sunshine cake; cookies made without baking powder or soda; cornstarch, pudding, cranberry desserts, ice cream, sherbet, plum or prune desserts; rice or tapioca pudding

– Fats: any, such as butter, margarine, salad dressings, crisco, spry, lard, salad oil, olive oil

– Fruits: cranberry, plums, prunes

– Meat, eggs, cheese: any meat, fish or fowl, two servings daily; at least one egg daily

– Potato substitutes: corn, hominy, lentils, macaroni, noodles, rice, spaghetti, vermicelli

– Soup: broth as desired; other soups from food allowed

– Sweets: cranberry and plum jelly; plain sugar candy

Miscellaneous: cream sauce, gravy, peanut butter, peanuts, popcorn, salt spices, vinegar, walnuts

Restricted foods:

no more than the amount allowed each day

1. Milk: 1 pint daily (may be used in other ways than as beverage)

2. Cream: 1/3 cup or less daily

3. Fruits: one serving of fruits daily ( in addition to the prunes, plums and cranberries)

4. Vegetable: including potatoes: two servings daily

5. Sweets; chocolate or candies, syrups

6. Miscellaneous: other nuts, olives, pickles

12. High-fiber diet

Purpose:

– soften the stool

– exercise digestive tract muscles

– speed passage of food through digestive tract to prevent exposure to cancer-causing agents in food

– lower blood lipids

– prevent sharp rise in glucose after eating

Use:

diabetes, hyperlipedimia, constipation, diverticulitis, anticarcinogenics (colon)

Foods allowed:

– recommended intake about 6g crude fiber daily

– all bran cereal

– watermelon, prunes, dried peaches, apple with skin; parsnip, peas, brussels, sprout, sunflower seeds

13. Low Residue diet

Purpose:

– reduce stool bulk and slow transit time

Use:

bowel inflammation during acute diverticulitis, or ulcerative colitis, preparation for bowel surgery, esophageal and intestinal stenosis

Foods allowed:

eggs; ground or well-cooked tender meat, fish, poultry; milk, cheeses; strained fruit juice (except prune): cooked or canned apples, apricots, peaches, pears; ripe banana; strained vegetable juice: canned, cooked, or strained asparagus, beets, green beans, pumpkin, squash, spinach; white bread; refined cereals (cream of wheat)

see related link in my Fundamentals labels

http://promdinurses.blogspot.com/

Article Source:

usual THERAPEUTIC DIETS in the hospital

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New fossils from 10 million year old ape found in Ethiopia

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New fossils from 10 million year old ape found in Ethiopia

Posted by EhmE36 on April 29, 2017

Thursday, August 23, 2007

Researchers say that new, ten million-year-old fossils found in Ethiopia, prove that the theory that humans may have evolved from a species of great apes eight million years ago, may not be true, but that humans may have split from apes as long as 10.5 million years ago.

At least nine fossilized teeth, one canine tooth and eight molars, of a previously unknown species of apes found in Africa were discovered by a team of researchers from Ethiopia and Japan who then compared the 3-D make up of the teeth to other fossils that date back as far as 8 million years and found that the fossils are likely a “direct ancestor” of apes currently living in Africa and that the new ape fossils were that of a species of gorilla who ate mostly plants high in fiber.

Current fossils and research say that the evolutionary split from apes to humans occurred at least eight million years ago. The new fossils say that the split may have happened as long as 10.5 million years ago.

“Based on this fossil, that means the split is much earlier than has been anticipated by the molecular evidence. That means everything has to be put back,” said researcher at the Rift Valley Research Service in Ethiopia and a co-author of the study, Berhane Asfaw.

Despite the finds, other researchers are not convinced that the findings are correct.

“It is stretching the evidence to base a time scale for the evolution of the great apes on this new fossil. These structures appear on at least three independent lineages of apes, including gorillas, and they could relate to a dietary shift rather than indicating a new genetic trait,” said a Professor at the London Natural History Museum in the United Kingdom, Peter Andrews who also added, “but the fossil evidence for the evolution of our closest living relatives, the great apes, is almost non-existent.

Researchers have named the newly discovered species Cororapithecus abyssinicus whose remains were found in the Afar Region of Ethiopia, the same place where the remains of Lucy were discovered in 1974.

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Probate Liquidators: Buying And Selling Inheritance Assets And Real Estate

Posted by EhmE36 on April 28, 2017

By Simon Volkov

Probate liquidators are individuals or businesses that buy and sell probated inheritance assets. The probate process is required to settle estates of individuals who have died. During probate the decedent’s last will and testament is reviewed and validated to ensure assets are distributed to rightful heirs. Probate can be settled in a few months or extend for years if heirs contest the will or when decedents die without executing a legal will.

Probate liquidators can be beneficial in liquidating inheritance property for financially strapped estates. Estates holding mortgaged real estate often find it challenging to meet financial obligations of mortgage payments, property taxes, insurance, and overall maintenance of the property.

Probated real estate can be sold to estate liquidators in order to pay off outstanding home loans and related expenses. This strategy can help estate executors avoid foreclosure or obtain lump sum cash which can be distributed to designated beneficiaries.

When multiple heirs are entitled to real estate, they must all agree to sell the home unless the court orders the sale to pay outstanding debts. If the estate is incapable of paying real estate related expenses, but heirs refuse to assign property rights, a probate judge can order the property sold without authorization from beneficiaries.

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Probated homes, commercial real estate and vacant land can be listed for sale through a real estate agent, as for sale by owner (FSBO), or as a cash sale to probate liquidators. FSBO sales are generally overseen by the probate personal representative. Since estate administrators have many other duties to manage, selling real estate during the probate process can be overwhelming.

In today’s recessed real estate market locating a qualified buyer has become increasingly difficult. When probate estates are financially insolvent selling houses to estate liquidators can bring about a quick resolution.

Probate liquidators are oftentimes private investors and many are willing to buy houses with cash to expedite the sale. However, selling houses for cash nearly always results in a substantially reduced purchase price.

In order to ensure proper protocol is followed during the sale of probated real estate it is best to work with a probate lawyer. The process of probate varies by state. Some states allow probate executors to manage all facets of estate settlement, while others require administrators to obtain court approval when selling inheritance property.

In addition to buying real estate, probate liquidation companies purchase most types of valuable inheritance property. Popular items include motor vehicles, antiques, jewelry, collectibles, artwork, and household items such as furnishings and major appliances.

Some liquidation service providers offer additional services which can be beneficial to estate executors. Common services include: finding lost property and missing heirs; organizing estate auctions; and locating buyers for commercial properties, investment homes, and businesses owned by the decedent.

Before signing a probate liquidation contract it is crucial for estate administrators to conduct research and ensure they are working with a reputable organization. Request business licenses; proof of business insurance; and list of references. Check with the Better Business Bureau to determine if complaints have been filed.

Selling inheritance property is emotionally difficult. It is imperative to investigate probate liquidators to be certain you are placing your loved ones property in good hands.

About the Author: Simon Volkov is California probate liquidator who specializes in buying and selling probated real estate. His website offers information and resources for selling inheritance property and managing decedent estates at SimonVolkov.com.

Source: isnare.com

Permanent Link: isnare.com/?aid=570028&ca=Finances

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Penske Auto selected to buy General Motors’ Saturn unit

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Penske Auto selected to buy General Motors’ Saturn unit

Posted by EhmE36 on April 28, 2017

Friday, June 5, 2009

General Motors Corporation (GM), an American automaker which has filed for bankruptcy protection, announced on Friday that the Penske Automotive Group (PAG) was selected to purchase Saturn Corporation. The transaction should be completed in October.

The purchase includes rights to the Saturn brand, its five current models and its dealership network. Two models would be discontinued, the Sky and Astra. GM would continue building the Aura sedan, the SUV’s, Vue and Outlook for at least two more years.

Saturn has 350 dealers across the United States. The dealers employ more than 13,000 jobs and sell only the Saturn autos. Canadian Saturn dealers are not included in the deal.

According to Penske future Saturn vehicles will be fuel economy focused. An expert indicated that this would move Saturn back to its roots of a entry level car company. PAG is in talks with several international automakers to replace GM after 2011. Automotive News reports that Renault Samsung Motors of Korea is the most likely candidate.

Penske wants Jill Lajdziak, Saturn’s general manager, and Tom LaSorda, former Chrysler President to head up the company when it is independent of GM.

Serra Automotive in Grand Blanc Township, Genesee County, Michigan, is in talks to take a partial ownership in a new Saturn lead by Penske.

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Fighting An Itchy Male Organ In The Winter}

Posted by EhmE36 on April 28, 2017

Submitted by: J Dugan

Some things are seasonal, others arent and an itchy male organ is a pest for all seasons. That said, there is definitely some seasonal variation in the cause of an itchy male organ. There are factors associated with winter that can make a difference in male organ health and the itch that all men experience at some point.

Many causes

As is well known, an itchy male organ can be the result of many things, including jock itch, allergic reaction, scabies and other readily-identifiable causes. But often the itch simply results from a temporary irritant or environmental conditions that cause the skin to dry or become otherwise itch-prone.

The latter is often more frequently at work in winter than it is at other times of the year. To understand why, its necessary to look at the situations which cause dry, itchy skin in general during the winter.

Winter

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Whats the defining characteristic of winter? Cold weather (although what constitutes cold weather on a tropical island is very different than what constitutes the same in northern Alaska). And when the temperature drops, conditions change both indoors and outdoors such that dry, itchy skin may develop.

Outside

Outside, cold weather is often accompanied by harsh winter winds. Exposed skin takes the brunt of it, but truly arctic blasts can cut through clothing and affect skin all over the body. When that wind strikes, it creates a windburn situation that dries out the much-needed natural moisturizing skin oils.

But theres another effect as well. People have to bundle up to withstand the frigid air. But often the outside wind chill shifts dramatically, so a man may experience periods of both extreme cold and not-so-extreme cold. And in the latter phases, being bundled up may make the body overheat, creating sweat. And often sweat serves to also deplete the bodys natural moisturizing oils.

Inside

Ah, but indoors, things are nice and cozy and climate-controlled, right? Not necessarily. Indoor heat often creates a dry, low-humidity situation and that sucks the moisture right out of the skin as well.

These winter factors which bring about dry, itchy skin in general can also bring about an itch specifically on the member.

What to do

So what can a man do to keep an itchy male organ at bay in winter?

Hydration is the key here. Dry skin is an invitation to the itch factor, so find ways to keep the body moisturized. For overall body skin hydration, it makes sense to go with the obvious: drink plenty of water. If moisture is being pulled out of the body, put some of it back in. Too many adults do not get enough fluids anyway and some of what they consider fluids arent helpful hydrators. Caffeinated drinks (coffee, tea, soda), for example, tend to have a somewhat de-hydrating effect.

It also pays to remember that liquids arent the only recourse for hydration. Increasing the consumption of many fruits and some vegetables is another good way to add water to the body.

And as for the itchy male organ itself? What winter tips can be offered for it specifically? It can be very helpful to make application of a top drawer manhood health crme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) a part of a mans daily health routine. Helping manhood skin get rehydrated can relieve the itch, so a crme needs to have double-barreled moisturizing agents such as Shea butter and vitamin E. Working together, these two create a moisture seal that helps rehydrate and lock in that hydration. It also pays to use a creme with a potent antioxidant, such as alpha lipoic acid, which can add a back-up weapon to protect male organ cells and keep them healthy rather than itchy.

About the Author: Visit

menshealthfirst.com

for more information about treating common male organ health problems, including soreness, redness and loss of male organ sensation. John Dugan is a professional writer who specializes in men’s health issues and is an ongoing contributing writer to numerous online web sites.

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=1961127&ca=Sexuality }

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What It Takes To Become A Professional Sportsman}

Posted by EhmE36 on April 25, 2017

Submitted by: Stewart Wrighter

If you are passionate to become a professional ballgame player, you will also wish to enter some major American team. Obviously, you require a good coach to polish your skills. The coach will give you the right direction with sound baseball instruction. But for good practicing and learning youll also be requiring good baseball equipment. Why it is important to have a good training aid? Here are some of the reasons to answer the question:

A passionate sports person cannot become a good player unless he does not have the resources to play. Good shoes and a clean jersey along with other accessories are things that a sportsman need set foot on the practicing ground. It is a form of symbol of entrance in any professional team or a ground. For becoming a professional ball game player, you need to have all the training aid and stuff. You cannot even practice, if you do not have the kit of clothes and stuff like helmets and guards. Even any good coach will first recommend you to buy all the necessary items of protection, as these are the basic rules of the game.

Beside all such reasons, buying a new kit or a practicing tool, makes you more determined and more devoted to your passion. It is something which gives rise to your self-motivation and makes you develop your self- progression towards the game. Many quotes speak that passion is self generated thing.

That is why many fathers love to give a kind of gift to their sons that can boost their passion. Some love to give bats and some prefer to give a jersey of a famous player. It is a kind of energizer for the sons.

Having a good tool also affects your practicing skills. If you have a cool bat, it would improve the placements of your strokes. If the shoes are in good condition, it will help you in running for good scores.

In spite of resources, a good coach is also necessary. He is the master who knows how to polish your skills. He is the person who brings discipline in your skills and also in your game. The coach is like a teacher which tells you how to play good when the team is at the verge to lose a game. His teachings help you to become a professional player. There are a couple of stories of famous American players which tell, that you cannot get a right coach, it is always the right coach who gets you for your talent.

There is much variety available on internet, where you can see different types of jerseys and sportswear stuff for ballgame. Protection helmets and guards are also available. Many high school kids are also fond of playing the ballgame, even some want to get into the professional team. But due to the cost and expense of the kit there passion gets down with the aspect of time. For that purpose, there are local stores that can cost a much cheaper as compare to other private stores, by which many kids dont give up with their passion.

About the Author: Stewart Wrighter owns and operates a top ranking web site to help people find

baseball equipment

to improve their baseball skills. He offers a large selection of training aids and as well as

baseball instruction

to help players improve their baseball skills.

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=700968&ca=Sports }

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Colleges offering admission to displaced New Orleans students/OH-WY

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Colleges offering admission to displaced New Orleans students/OH-WY

Posted by EhmE36 on April 25, 2017

See the discussion page for instructions on adding schools to this list and for an alphabetically arranged listing of schools.

Due to the damage by Hurricane Katrina and subsequent flooding, a number of colleges and universities in the New Orleans metropolitan area will not be able to hold classes for the fall 2005 semester. It is estimated that 75,000 to 100,000 students have been displaced. [1]. In response, institutions across the United States and Canada are offering late registration for displaced students so that their academic progress is not unduly delayed. Some are offering free or reduced admission to displaced students. At some universities, especially state universities, this offer is limited to residents of the area.

Contents

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News briefs:April 9, 2006

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News briefs:April 9, 2006

Posted by EhmE36 on April 13, 2017

April 9, 2006

Contents

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The Onion: An interview with ‘America’s Finest News Source’

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The Onion: An interview with ‘America’s Finest News Source’

Posted by EhmE36 on April 13, 2017

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Despite the hopes of many University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) students, The Onion was not named after their student center. “People always ask questions about where the name The Onion came from,” said President Sean Mills in an interview with David Shankbone, “and when I recently asked Tim Keck, who was one of the founders, he told me the name—I’ve never heard this story about ‘see you at the un-yun’—he said it was literally that his Uncle said he should call it The Onion when he saw him and Chris Johnson eating an onion sandwich. They had literally just cut up the onion and put it on bread.” According to Editorial Manager Chet Clem, their food budget was so low when they started the paper that they were down to white bread and onions.

Long before The Daily Show and The Colbert Report, Heck and Johnson envisioned a publication that would parody the news—and news reporting—when they were students at UW in 1988. Since its inception, The Onion has become a veritable news parody empire, with a print edition, a website that drew 5,000,000 unique visitors in the month of October, personal ads, a 24 hour news network, podcasts, and a recently launched world atlas called Our Dumb World. Al Gore and General Tommy Franks casually rattle off their favorite headlines (Gore’s was when The Onion reported he and Tipper were having the best sex of their lives after his 2000 Electoral College defeat). Many of their writers have gone on to wield great influence on Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert‘s news parody shows.

And we are sorry to break the news to all you amateur headline writers: your submissions do not even get read.

Below is David Shankbone’s interview with Chet Clem and Sean Mills about the news empire that has become The Onion.

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